Task Solutions- History of Racism and Discrimination :ENGL060

The question you need to argue: “Is one method of acknowledgement of the black
experience, whether through writing/art, or reparations, better …

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The question you need to argue: “Is one method of acknowledgement of the black
experience, whether through writing/art, or reparations, better than the other? ”
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INTRODUCTION
It is necessary to be well informed about history and the experiences of black people in
the United States, as is reparation; but reparation must be more effective (Táíwò,2022) .They
may require further information to address the underlying problem rather than the symptom. As a
result of the abolition of slavery in the United States The unfairness, inequality, racism, classism,
and brutality that African Americans faced did not end there. Not only that, but the trauma did
not end there. The trauma is also passed on to the children. Enslavement has an impact on
everything and has ruined many people’s lives both during and after slavery. As James Baldwin
explains his father’s animosity and mental instability. Coates, on the other hand, focuses on ways
to assist those affected by slavery.
He discusses how he did not have afather-son relationship with his father while he was
alive. And his other sibling lacks the uniting factor, and they both despise their father. Baldwin
describes how slavery affected him and his relationship with his father (Hábl, 2022) .What
Baldwin’s father has gone through in life as aresult of the color of his skin has strained his
relationships with his children, wife, and relatives, as well as his neighbor. The silence has
shaped his people’s perception of Baldwin father as atough, bitter, and hardhearted man.
Because of the load he has hidden within himself, Baldwin’s father only sees himself as black
and not handsome. Slavery has an impact on Baldwin’s father and grandmother’s relationship.
According to the notes of the native son, itis essential to note that Baldin has had a
strained relationship with his father from his childhood. He addresses his contempt for his father
in retrospect as aperson who has been in the same situations as his father. The relationship
with his father remained to be worse. Although his father remained to be present all the times,
they talked rarely. Baldwin thought his father was anut therefore he was scared of him only to
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come into reality as he grew older that his father wanted to protect him from the outside world.
“when my father died, Ihad been away from home for alittle over,” Baldwin explains. Icame to
discover the importance of my father ’sbeing harsh to me and his warnings later in the year, the
reason for his proudly pursed lips and stiff carriage.: Irealized the power of white people in the
world.” The reason for Baldwin isolation was because of his family, race, religion, and poverty.
He was intensely conscious of his physical and mental isolation from the rest of the world. He
noticed his physical and mental isolation from the rest of the world and became intensely aware
of itwhen he left home for new jersey. Baldwin “…contracted some awful, chronic disease, the
unfailing symptom of which is atype of blind fever, apounding in the brain, and aburning in the
intestines.” One cannot be genuinely carefree again once affected with the sickness”. This is a
bodily reaction to the relentless racial agony he faced in every part of his life. The character of
Chike in Chike’s School Days is the only son in afamily of six children (Bullock Floyd, 2022) .
His birth is celebrated, and alot is expected from him by his family. His mother, Sarah, is Osu, a
lower caste “to be despised and almost spat at.” Chike’s father Amos and Amos’ mother have
taken the Christian religion. Chike and his sisters are raised “in the ways of the white man.” This
means that the family has shunned their native religion and culture in favor of Christianity and
European traditions.
They send Chike to the village school when “he was old enough to tackle the white man’s
learning mysteries.” There he learns the catechism, English, history, and arithmetic. He also
discovers adeep fascination with words and alove of language. The story suggests that this love
of language will open doors for Chike and bring him fulfillment. Chike was destined to
experience alienation due to his being born Osu. Although his family’s choice to live as
Christians caused Chike some alienation from his own culture, italso provided Chike with
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additional opportunities that he would not have had otherwise. Chike’s situation is similar to
Baldwin’s in that both fathers contribute to their alienation from their respective cultures. The
difference is that Baldwin’s father was motivated by his negative, painful experiences, and as he
attempted to protect his children, he also caused them pain.
Amos’s motivation for bringing up his children in the white man’s ways isn’t explored in
the story, but the story’s tone is hopeful. Instead of keeping Chike isolated within the Osu culture
and away from white people, Amos embraces the “white man’s ways” and allows Chike
complete exposure to the Christian culture. Baldwin’s father tried to protect his son by keeping
him isolated and away from white people. Hence, Baldwin grew up wary and mistrustful of
white society, and he also had avery negative self-concept. He was unhappy for most of his life.
Chike doesn’t show this tendency. He loves school and feels entirely at home there. His
education opens his mind to the whole world, and he feels the magic of possibility, and “he was
happy.” Both Baldwin and Chike experience alienation, but they experience itdifferently. For
Baldwin, the experience is painful. It causes him both internal and external struggles throughout
his life. He feels alienated from white society, black society, religion, and his family. For Chike,
the experience is not painful. He grows up “different” from his peers, but he demonstrates a
positive self-image and openness and curiosity about the world outside his village. His alienation
from his culture is an opportunity to become something more significant than his culture would
allow. Both fathers want the best for their sons, but their struggles have very different outcomes.
Ta-Nehisi Coates’ argument for reparations is persuasive, and Iagree with him. Ibelieve
that the history of racism and discrimination in the United States justifies the imposition of
reparations for African-Americans today. The legacy of racism and discrimination in the United
States, according to Coates, necessitates the payment of reparations. He uses the example of
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slavery, which was asystem of racial injustice that existed for hundreds of years until being
abolished. His other point of reference is the Jim Crow laws, which were laws that discriminated
against African-Americans at the time. Even though these regulations were in force for many
years, they significantly influenced African-Americans.
As well as this, Coates contends that reparations are required due to how black
Americans have been treated in the modern era. He uses the case of police shootings of unarmed
black individuals to illustrate. He also uses the example of mass incarceration to make his point.
Because of racism and discrimination, African-Americans are disproportionately incarcerated, a
situation that must be addressed immediately. Despite my reservations, In believe Coates
presents acompelling case for reparations. The history of racism and discrimination in the
United States justifies the imposition of reparations for African-Americans today.
References,
Bullock Floyd, M. (2022). Soil and Soul: Fostering Cultural Healing Through Reconnection to
the Land.
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/bioe.12954?casa_token=epJFDhZtdOEA
AAAA:w87jW_VoPOx57Dy_h7g5B2dby-
Chapman, A. R. (2022). Rethinking the issue of reparations for Black
Americans. Bioethics ,36 (3), 235-242.
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/bioe.12954?casa_token=epJFDhZtdOEA
6
AAAA:w87jW_VoPOx57Dy_h7g5B2dby-
qOjUtTymS_8w2w7hnS3HNZKsNWmsn1ZEnUoTUL5Njp-NfXAcd_rEIv
Hábl, J. (2022). A Reparation of Irreparable Things?. The Restoration of Human Affairs:
Utopianism or Realism? ,194.
https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=ZXtdEAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA194
&dq=notes+of+a+native+son+reparation+&ots=37c7MDZaK7&sig=mXLCjPdta_f-
KcdsBA0fZlYE5PY
Miller, M. R., & Sánchez-Eppler, K. (2022). Joining reinterpretation to reparations. Museums &
Social Issues ,1-11.
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15596893.2022.2062829?casa_token=z_h
12NL5vs8AAAAA:qiaT6WuWyAYOYWX_6Ok8kOMJcJCyfGTsi_2eWO4Ob3AE5SN
ZxHgYRv2uPJUDSlM4W3MypKirYxY1VZWv
Táíwò,O. O. (2022). Reconsidering reparations .Oxford University Press.
https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=7fdQEAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&d
q=notes+of+a+native+son+reparation+&ots=GRR7X4ZEzN&sig=UAliUq5rdF4X_P4n-
ZHxMWJylh4

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