# Stat 200 week 3 homework solutions

STAT 200 Week 3 Homework Problems
4.1.4
A project conducted by the Australian Federal Office of Road Safety asked people many questions about their cars. One question was the reason that a person chooses a given car, and that data is in table #4.1.4 (“Car preferences,” 2013).
Table #4.1.4: Reason for Choosing a Car

Safety
Reliability
Cost
Performance
Comfort
Looks

84
62
46
34
47
27
Find the probability a person chooses a car for each of the given reasons.
4.2.2
Eyeglassomatic manufactures eyeglasses for different retailers. They test to see how many defective lenses they made in a time period. Table #4.2.2 gives the defect and the number of defects.
Table #4.2.2: Number of Defective Lenses

Defect type
Number of defects

Scratch
5865

Right shaped –   small
4613

Flaked
1992

Wrong axis
1838

Chamfer wrong
1596

Crazing, cracks
1546

Wrong shape
1485

Wrong PD
1398

Spots and bubbles
1371

Wrong height
1130

Right shape – big
1105

Lost in lab
976

Spots/bubble –   intern
976
a.) Find the probability of picking a lens that is scratched or flaked.
b.) Find the probability of picking a lens that is the wrong PD or was lost in lab.
c.) Find the probability of picking a lens that is not scratched.
d.) Find the probability of picking a lens that is not the wrong shape.
4.2.8
In the game of roulette, there is a wheel with spaces marked 0 through 36 and a space marked 00.
a.) Find the probability of winning if you pick the number 7 and it comes up on the wheel.
b.) Find the odds against winning if you pick the number 7.
c.) The casino will pay you \$20 for every dollar you bet if your number comes up. How much profit is the casino making on the bet?
4.4.6 Find 10P6
4.4.12 How many ways can you choose seven people from a group of twenty?
5.1.2
Suppose you have an experiment where you flip a coin three times. You then count the number of heads.
a.) State the random variable.
b.) Write the probability distribution for the number of heads.
c.) Draw a histogram for the number of heads.
d.) Find the mean number of heads.
e.) Find the variance for the number of heads.
f.) Find the standard deviation for the number of heads.
g.) Find the probability of having two or more number of heads.
h.) Is it unusual to flip two heads?
5.1.4
An LG Dishwasher, which costs \$800, has a 20% chance of needing to be replaced in the first 2 years of purchase. A two-year extended warranty costs \$112.10 on a dishwasher. What is the expected value of the extended warranty assuming it is replaced in the first 2 years?
5.2.4
Suppose a random variable, x, arises from a binomial experiment. If n = 6, and p = 0.30, find the following probabilities using technology.
a.) P(x=1)
b.) P(x=5)
c.) P(x=3)
d.) P(x=5)
f.) P(x

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