2022-06-02 01:43:15Posting Instructions: Remember to post one initial response to the questions belessayblazers.com
Place your order now for a similar assignment and have exceptional work written by our team of experts, At affordable ratesFor This or a Similar Paper Click To Order NowPosting Instructions: Remember to post one initial response to the questions below by replying to your instructor’s post. Make sure to separate your responses to EACH question into a separate paragraph or 2 points will be deducted from your score. Thanks! It’s hard to read a jumble of ideas.Please make sure to use your own words. Copy-pasting sections of the articles, direct transcriptions from videos, and excessive use of quotations do not demonstrate you understand the topic and will not count towards the points earned for the discussion posts. Make sure you properly cite sources in your posts as well.Reply to two of your classmates (up to 5 points per classmate response). Your responses to classmates must be at least two sentences that add to the discussion. Restating their point and stating that you agree or disagree do not count as adding to the discussion. Explain why you agree or disagree with one or more of the points they made in their post. Since the purpose of the responses to classmates are to interact with your classmates, responses to classmates are not accepted once a discussion has closed (i.e. once the due date has passed).Topic Introduction & QuestionsPart 1: Reacting to Water ShortagesWater is life and, if you are a desert dweller, you know first-hand how a parched landscape is impacted by lack of water. Climate change is leading to more water scarcity in many parts of the U.S. and around the world.During the late summer of 2021, the Western U.S. is in the midst of a horrible drought that is leading to water shortages, dry forests, and record breaking wildfires. This information page from the California Department of Water Resources shows that the water levels in almost all of their reservoirs is way under capacity.In order to address these water shortages, the state imposed water restrictions on agricultural areas and some industrial and municipal consumers in the region. These agricultural regions have “senior” water rights to the downstream municipal users, meaning they had rights to the water before the cities grew up (when there was more water). This topic is discussed in the following article:https://www.latimes.com/california/story/2021-08-04/california-drought-water-restrictions-how-bad-is-it(Links to an external site.)(if you cannot open this link, let your instructor know and she can send you this article).Do you think it’s fair to restrict water to farmers (agricultural users), who have senior rights to the water, instead of cutting off newer users in cities (1 point)? Why or why not (4 points)?In Arizona, farmers also often have senior water rights that have been passed down through many generations. Under the original law, if they did not use the full amount of water they were allocated, they forfeit rights to the water. Recently, this law has changed to allow farmers to only use what they need without risking their allocation (read more details in this article: https://www.knau.org/post/arizona-law-opens-new-pathway-water-conservation(Links to an external site.)).Do you think this new law will help to reduce water use by agriculture in the state? Do you think we need to put restrictions like California did instead? Why or why not? (5 points)Finally, much of the municipal water consumed is for outdoor use – to water grass, maintain landscaping and in backyard pool evaporation. The City of Glendale AZ (and others) has a rebate program to incentivize people to convert grass to xeriscaping (low water use plants) . See more information about this program here: https://www.glendaleaz.com/cms/One.aspx?portalId=15209085&pageId=15488898(Links to an external site.)The cost to convert 1000 sq. ft. of grass to artificial turf is about $5000, and the rebate is $150.Do you think this is enough incentive for people to consider swithing over to artificial turf or other xeriscape plantings? (1 points)Instead, should the city outlaw grass? Also, should they require pools to be covered to reduce evaporation? (2 points)Part 2: Water Access by Native American People in Southwestern U.S.Read this article: https://www.kunc.org/environment/2021-04-29/the-pandemic-exposed-the-severe-water-insecurity-faced-by-southwestern-tribes(Links to an external site.)How did access (or lack of access) to water on Native lands lead to the spread of Covid-19? Were Native American peoples in the southwestern U.S. impacted more or less than other peoples in this region (on average)? (4 points)The Native American tribes had “priority rights” to 20% of Colorado River water. How did this impact their ability to negotiate with other cities and water users in this region in the past? How is this changing now? (4 points)Part 3: Local Conditions. Up to date drought information can be found at the National Integrated Drought Information System website linked here: https://www.drought.gov/drought/(Links to an external site.).Take a look at the drought website above to answer the following questions:Look up an area of interest to you (your hometown, somewhere you’d like to visit…) using the drought website above by entering the zip code and then click “Get Conditions”. If you don’t know the zip code for your region, you can use this site to look it up (https://www.zipmap.net/(Links to an external site.)). What area did you look up? Is this area currently experiencing a drought? (3 points) Does the level of drought in this area (or lack of drought) surprise you? Why or why not? (3 points)What is the difference between extreme and exceptional droughts? (2 points)According to the drought map (near bottom of drought.gov website), what regions in the U.S. are experiencing droughts now? (2 points)For This or a Similar Paper Click To Order NowRelated
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