Please answer both questions. 1) Jung has been described as “the great myth mak

Place your order now for a similar assignment and have exceptional work written by our team of experts, At affordable ratesFor This or a Similar Paper Click To Order NowPlease answer both questions. 1) Jung has been described as “the great myth maker.” Why do you suppose he has been criticized in this way?Jung relies on many ideas that are not falsifiable. Does that take away from his theory in your opinion? Give reasons to support your answer. 2) After reading this chapter, which of your previously held ideas have been changed? Which ideas have been confirmed? Freud is often depicted as a controversial figure. Many people prior to in-depth instruction tend to dismiss him, and his ideas. In answering thisdiscussion question, I want you to challenge yourself to look beyond any preconceived notions you might have had. Try to view his theory through fresh eyes. Sigmund Freud was always focused on our experiences from childhood. Especially the experiences that we have suppressed. Through a series of visits with prominent scientists and psychologists, Freud constructed his theory of psychoanalysis. Famously in 1885, Freud had a meeting with neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot, who experimented in hypnotism. Charcot’s observations had clear implications for the treatment of hysteria. Hysteria was a term used to describe a wide variety of symptoms such as paralysis, loss of sensation, and disturbance of sight and speech. After Freud visited Charcot, he attempted to utilize hypnosis in treatment but was only minimally successful. From there, he sought out Hippolyte Bernheim. Bernheim was also a hypnotist who hypnotized a massive number of people regularly. Freud learned several important things through watching Charcot. The two most prominent were the ideas of post-hypnotic amnesia and post-hypnotic suggestion. Each of these ideas will later play a key role in Freud’s concept of psychoanalysis. The worst individual that Freud met worth was Josef Breuer. Breuer regularly gave Freud advice on friendship and even wanting money. Brewer laid the groundwork for psychoanalysis when he observed the treatment of a young woman, Anna O. Through the case of Anna, he began to understand the significance of talk therapy, specifically the idea of Free Association.Freud’s Theories of the Id, Ego, and SuperegoFreud composed several concepts the drove personality, including the idea of an instinct. Instincts have four components; a source, an aim, an object, and an impetus. To simplify this concept, let us look at hunger. If one is hungry (that is the source), then they need food. The aim would be to eliminate hunger. The object is whatever you will use to meet that need–a hamburger. The impetus is how much you desire the hamburger. All the instincts associated with the preservation of life are called life instincts. These life instincts can also be viewed as biological necessities. The psychic energy associated with them collectively is called libido.Freud broke the mind down into three components: the Id, ego, and superego. The Id is based on the pleasure principle; it wants what it wants when it wants it. The ego is based on the reality principle; it is responsible for balancing the needs of the Id and the ego. The superego is based on the morality principle of any sent around justice and always doing what is right. The Id is the devil on your shoulder; the superego is the angel on your shoulder; you are the ego trying to balance and choose between the two.The ego has several processes available to battle against anxiety; these processes are referred to collectively as the ego defense mechanism. These defense mechanisms include denial, displacement, sublimation, rationalization, intellectualization, regression, reaction formation, undoing, identifying with, and suppression. You can refer to your PowerPoint for examples of these mechanisms. All ego defense mechanisms have two things in common they are unconscious, meaning the person is not aware that they are using them, and they also distort reality.Freud’s Theories of ChildhoodFreud believed every child goes through a sequence of developmental stages, and the child’s experience during these stages determined adult personality characteristics. Freud believed that the adult personality is formed by the end of the fifth year of life for all practical purposes. The first stage is the oral stage, and pressure is centered around the child’s mouth; this stage goes from zero to one and a half. The second stage runs from one and a half to three years of age and is the anal stage, and the child derives pleasure through their bowel movements and the control they have. The third stage runs from three to six years of age and is called is the phallic stage and is undoubtedly Freud’s most controversial. This is the stage in which the Oedipus complex emerges. The Oedipus complex involves a child developing sexual feelings for the opposite sex parent. Eventually, the child will suppress these feelings and develop a relationship with the same-sex parent. According to Freud, these feelings may reemerge later in life, and we might seek out a spouse very similar to our parents. This stage goes from three to six years of age. The next stage is the latency stage and is focused on friendships and relationships of the non-sexual kind. This stage goes from six to twelve years. Lastly comes the genital stage in which the individual has gone through puberty and is a sexual being, and now they must find a way to control these impulses. This stage starts at thirteen and continues throughout life.Freud’s Theories of Dream AnalysisThere are several other concepts that Freud entertained quite heavily. One of the biggest concepts is dream analysis. Freud felt dream analysis was a way to gain insight into an individual’s unconscious mind. He viewed the dream world as a place to achieve some level of wish fulfillment. You could do stuff in your dreams that you are unable to do when you are awake. He did distinguish that people do not always remember dreams accurately. He focused on the concept of latent versus manifest content. The dream still served as a psychic safety valve of sorts. Freud wrote The Interpretation of Dreams, and many consider to be his most substantial contribution. His view of dreams is also responsible for some of the relationships that he developed going forward. The most significant of these relationships was the one he formed with Carl Jung.Carl JungCarl Jung’s childhood was responsible for several of his major ideas. He viewed the fact that his mother had several different ways of interacting with them as her changing personas or masks. He also identified unique personas in himself. Therefore, the concepts of individuals portraying various roles became solidified in his mind and in his theory. Carl Jung was also fascinated with the dream world and any experience he had connected with. The dream world fascination is what led him to seek out a relationship with Sigmund Freud. Young and Freud corresponded for years together. Eventually, when they met up, they had a conversation that ran over seven hours. Freud was honored that Jung was an ardent follower of his interpretation of dreams. Additionally, Freud was also very impressed with Carl Jung’s concept of Word Association, specifically how it could be utilized to tap the unconscious mind.Unfortunately, the relationship between Freud and Jung eventually hit hard times. This collapse occurred for a couple of reasons, both work-related and personal. Jung’s theory differed greatly from Freud’s, and for Freud, someone disagreeing with him is a great insult. There was also the famous boat incident that put a wedge between them. Eventually, the break became so bad they stopped communicating. This stop of communication adversely affected Jung. It was after this time he briefly entered what was known as the dark period and suffered his creative illness.Eventually, Jung overcame his creative illness and pieced together one of the more renowned series in personality. He initially had similar components to Freud, such as the ego, but he added the personal unconscious, as well as the collective unconscious. The personal unconscious did bear some resemblance to Freud’s ideas. However, the collective unconscious was completely different, along with the archetypes that the collective unconscious held. The concepts of archetypes are pivotal to Jung as he theorized many of them. Some of the more significant archetypes were animus and anima, the shadow, and the self. According to Jung, the personas expressed how we are seen. Jung also pieced together a multifaceted theory of personality involving behaviors, attitudes, and eight different personality subtypes.For This or a Similar Paper Click To Order NowRelated
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