Literature Review: The Use of Clinical Systems to Improve Outcomes and Efficiencies

New technology”and the application of existing technology”only appears in healthcare settings after careful and significant research. The stakes are high, and new clinical systems need to offer evidence of a positive impact on outcomes or efficiencies.
Nurse informaticists and healthcare leaders formulate clinical system strategies. As these strategies are often based on technology trends, informaticists and others have then benefited from consulting existing research to inform their thinking.
In this Assignment, you will review existing research focused on the application of clinical systems. After reviewing, you will summarize your findings.
To Prepare:

Review the Resources and reflect on the impact of      clinical systems on outcomes and efficiencies within the context of      nursing practice and healthcare delivery.
Conduct a search for recent (within the last 5 years)      research focused on the application of clinical systems. The research      should provide evidence to support the use of one type of clinical system      to improve outcomes and/or efficiencies, such as the use of personal      health records or portals to support patients newly diagnosed with      diabetes.
Identify and select 4 peer-reviewed research articles from your research.
For information about annotated bibliographies,      visit https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/assignments/annotatedbibliographies

The Assignment: ( 5-6 pages not including the title and reference page)
In a 5-6 page paper, synthesize the peer-reviewed research you reviewed. Format your Assignment as an Annotated Bibliography. Be sure to address the following:

Identify the 4 peer-reviewed research articles you reviewed, citing each in APA format.
Include an introduction explaining the purpose of the paper.
Summarize each study, explaining the improvement to outcomes, efficiencies, and lessons learned from the application of the clinical system each peer-reviewed article described. Be specific and provide examples.
In your conclusion, synthesize the findings from the 4      peer-reviewed research articles.
Use APA format and include a title page.

1)  Identify the 4 peer-reviewed articles, citing each in APA format, 
2)  Summarize each study explaining:
a) improvements to outcomes,
b) efficiencies (to staff, patient, facility as a result of implementing the clinical system/clinical technology described in the article), and 
c) lessons learned from the application of the clinical system/clinical technology. Be specific AND provide examples., and
3) in your conclusion, synthesize the findings from the 4 peer-reviewed research articles. 
McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. G. (2017). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
· Chapter 14, The Electronic Health Record and Clinical Informatics (pp. 267-287)
· Chapter 15, Informatics Tools to Promote Patient Safety and Quality Outcomes (pp. 293-317)
· Chapter 16, Patient Engagement and Connected Health (pp. 323-338)
· Chapter 17, Using Informatics to Promote Community/Population Health (pp. 341-355)
· Chapter 18, Telenursing and Remote Access Telehealth (pp. 359-388)
Dykes, P. C., Rozenblum, R., Dalal, A., Massaro, A., Chang, F., Clements, M., Collins, S. ¦Bates, D. W. (2017). Prospective evaluation of a multifaceted intervention to improve outcomes in intensive care: The Promoting Respect and Ongoing Safety Through Patient Engagement Communication and Technology Study. Critical Care Medicine, 45(8), e806-e813. doi:10.1097/CCM.0000000000002449
HealthIT.gov. (2018c). What is an electronic health record (EHR)? Retrieved from 
https://www.healthit.gov/faq/what-electronic-health-record-ehr
Rao-Gupta, S., Kruger, D. Leak, L. D., Tieman, L. A., & Manworren, R. C. B. (2018). Leveraging interactive patient care technology to Improve pain management engagement. Pain Management Nursing, 19(3), 212-221. 
Skiba, D. (2017). Evaluation tools to appraise social media and mobile applications. Informatics, 4(3), 32-40. 
Required Media
Laureate Education (Producer). (2018). Public Health Informatics [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author. –Downloads– Download Video w/CC Download Audio Download Transcript 
Laureate Education (Producer). (2018). Electronic Records and Managing IT Change [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.
Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2018). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: A guide to best practice (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.
· Chapter 5, Critically Appraising Quantitative Evidence for Clinical Decision Making (pp. 124-188)
· Chapter 6, Critically Appraising Qualitative Evidence for Clinical Decision Making (pp. 189-218)
Fineout-Overholt, E., Melnyk, B. M., Stillwell, S. B., & Williamson, K. M. (2010a). Evidence-based practice step by step: Critical appraisal of the evidence: Part I. American Journal of Nursing, 110(7), 47-52. doi:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000383935.22721.9c
Fineout-Overholt, E., Melnyk, B. M., Stillwell, S. B., & Williamson, K. M. (2010b). Evidence-based practice, step by step: Critical appraisal of the evidence: Part II: Digging deeper”examining the keeper studies. American Journal of Nursing, 110(9), 41-48. doi:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000388264.49427.f9
Fineout-Overholt, E., Melnyk, B. M., Stillwell, S. B., & Williamson, K. M. (2010c). Evidence-based practice, step by step: Critical appraisal of the evidence: Part III: The process of synthesis: Seeing similarities and differences across the body of evidence. American Journal of Nursing, 110(11), 43-51. doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000390523.99066.b5
Williamson, K. M. (2009). Evidence-based practice: Critical appraisal of qualitative evidence. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 15(3), 202-207. doi:10.1177/1078390309338733
Laureate Education (Producer). (2018). Appraising the Research [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

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