Hw-1653 biology comprehensive exam | Operations Management homework at Essay Blazers

If one group is given some medicine that may cure a disease and the other group is given a sugar pill, the group who got the medicine is the A. Hypothetical groupB. Scientific groupC. Control group D. Experimental group
2. Which is NOT a characteristic of all life? A. ResponsivenessB. EvolutionC. ReproductionD. Random cell structure
3. A good hypothesis must A. Be a logical explanation of eventsB. Be testableC. Account for all current information related to the events being studiedD. All of these statements are true
4. A characteristic of life is A. Chemical bondsB. The use of oxygenC. The production of CO2D. Cellular organization
5. Which of the following is an example of adaptation, one of the characteristics of life? A. The evolutionary changes that occur to a speciesB. Sexual reproductionC. Organismal organizationD. Metabolism
6. A reason an automobile engine is not considered to be living is that it is not able to A. Utilize energyB. Change its activitiesC. Make copies of itselfD. Utilize chemical reactions
7. All of the chemical reactions that take place within your body are known as A. Organismal structureB. MetabolismC. IrritabilityD. Adaptation
8. One of the characteristics of life is A. The ability to diffuse materialsB. Being able to adapt to new environmental conditionsC. Being made up of inorganic materialD. All of these statements are true
9. Science is A. An organized study of informationB. Impossible to defineC. A process for collecting and organizing knowledgeD. The study of life
10. Science is A. Able to supply solutions to most human problemsB. Always correctC. Distinguished from nonscientific areas of study by the way information is gatheredD. A body of information gathered about nature in the last 2,000 years
11. Information from experiments is considered valid if A. The same results are obtained each time the experiment is performedB. The results were predicted by the hypothesisC. The same results are obtained by several scientistsD. All of these statements are true
12. Art, theology, and philosophy are nonsciences because they A. Are not worthwhile fields of studyB. Are basically untrueC. Deal with things that cannot be tested by the scientific methodD. Are bodies of knowledge too small to qualify as science
13. Which of the following statements is MOST correct? A. Science is always rightB. Nonscientific study has little valueC. Science has all the answersD. Science seeks to explain natural occurrences
14. Metabolism refers to A. Chemical reactions such as photosynthesis B. The process of reproductionC. The formation of heterotrophsD. A collection of hypotheses
15. Controls are necessary in scientific experiments because they A. Serve as a basis for comparison with the experimental resultsB. Enable the investigator to control the resultsC. Always confirm your observationD. Allow the investigator to develop experience in science
16. Which one of the following steps of the scientific method should come only after a hypothesis has been formed? A. Question formulationB. Resource explorationC. ExperimentationD. Observation
17. A hypothesis is BEST described as A. A general principleB. A logical explanation that can be testedC. A theoryD. A generally accepted concept
18. ___________ are the fundamental structural units of all living things. A. MoleculesB. AtomsC. CellsD. Protons
19. Which sequence correctly lists levels of organization from simple to more complex? A. Biosphere, ecosystem, community, populationB. Atoms, cell, molecules, tissue, organismC. Organ system, organ, organisms, cellD. Cell, tissue, organ, organ system
20. A person hears a sound coming from a hole in the ground. Sometime later a groundhog is seen emerging from the hole in the ground. The person suspects that the sounds were made by the groundhog since they have witnessed this behavior before. The underlined portion of this story is BEST described as a(n) A. ExperimentB. HypothesisC. ObservationD. Test of a hypothesis
21. Which one of the following BEST distinguishes scientific areas of study from those that are not science? A. Nonscientific areas of study have few factsB. Scientific areas of study publish their findings and ideasC. Scientific areas of study rarely make mistakesD. Scientific areas of study always test their assumptions and ideas
22. A person hears a sound coming from a hole in the ground. Sometime later a groundhog is seen emerging from the hole in the ground. The person suspects that the sounds were made by the groundhog. The underlined portion of this story is BEST described as a(n) A. ExperimentB. HypothesisC. ObservationD. Test of a hypothesis
23. Which term BEST describes populations of trees, insects, mammals, fungi, bacteria, and many other organisms that interact in any location? A. BiosphereB. EcosystemC. BioregionD. Community
24. Edward Jenner noticed that the milkmaids who milked cows by hand often were infected with cowpox and that their infections were mild. He also noticed that these same milkmaids did not contract smallpox, which was a much more serious disease. He presumed that the cowpox infections prevented the milkmaids from contracting the much more serious disease of smallpox. Subsequently he began vaccinating people with the pus-like material from cowpox lesions to determine if his thinking was correct. In the story above, the underlined portion is a(n) A. HypothesisB. ObservationC. TheoryD. Experiment
25. A theory and a hypothesis are different in that A. You must have a theory before you can form a hypothesisB. A theory is developed as a result of broad agreement among scientists and a hypothesis is a much less substantiated ideaC. A theory is much easier to disprove than a hypothesisD. A theory can never be disproved while a hypothesis can
26. Which of the following terms BEST describes the scientific method? A. ProcessB. EventC. CommunicationD. Sequential
27. The process of maintaining a constant internal environment is called A. HomeostasisB. MetabolismC. InductionD. Deduction
28. Evolution is the A. Slow change in the genetic makeup of a population of organisms over may generationsB. Fast change in the genetic makeup of a population of organisms over may generationsC. Slow change in the genetic makeup of an individual over a lifetimeD. Fast change in the genetic makeup of an individual over a lifetime
29.  Which level of organization includes all others?  A.  cell B.  tissue C.  organ D.  organism E.  population 
30.  Which level of organization is required for all others to form?  A.  cell B.  tissue C.  organ D.  organism E.  population 
31.  When communities of organisms interact with their physical environment they form a(n)  A.  population. B.  organism. C.  community. D.  ecosystem. E.  macromolecular community. 
32.  Which is the simplest of all levels of organization?  A.  atom B.  cell C.  organ D.  organism E.  population 
33.  Which level of organization reflects an individual composed of multiple organ systems?  A.  atom B.  cell C.  organ D.  organism E.  population 
34.  New species evolve from pre-existing species by the accumulation of  A.  metabolic events. B.  genetic mutations. C.  proteomes. D.  reproductive events. E.  developmental events. 
35.  Evolutionary change  A.  occurs through the modification of characteristics in a preexisting population. B.  may involve vertical descent with mutation. C.  may involve horizontal gene transfer. D.  All of these choices are correct. E.  None of these choices are correct. 
36.  In the process of biological evolution, new species may evolve through exchange of genes from one species to another. This process is called  A.  proteome transfer. B.  horizontal gene transfer. C.  vertical evolution. D.  vertical descent with mutation. E.  genomic sciences. 
37.  The grouping or classification of species is termed  A.  eukaryotism. B.  prokaryotism. C.  genus. D.  kingdom. E.  taxonomy. 
38.  When grouping organisms, which classification is most general for a particular type of organism?  A.  Kingdom B.  Phylum C.  Order D.  Family E.  Species 
39.  When considering nomenclature for scientific names, what is the difference between the two primates, Homo sapiens and Homo erectus?  A.  One is a primate but the other is not. B.  They are animals of a different kingdom. C.  They are animals of a different order. D.  They are animals of a different species. E.  They are animals of a different genus. 
40.  An explanation for a biological process that is substantiated by a large body of evidence is called a  A.  hypothesis. B.  theory. C.  systems biology. D.  reductionism. E.  prediction. 
41.  Collecting data without a specific hypothesis in mind is called  A.  reductionism. B.  hypothesis testing. C.  discovery-based science. D.  theoretical. E.  All of these choices are correct. 

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